Next, we are in the capital of Niger, Niamey. Wondering how to say the name of this hot and sunny city? It’s pronounced Nyah-mey.
The total land area of Niamey is 92 square miles (239 square kilometres)… that’s slightly smaller than Edinburgh.Niamey’s population was 1,090,000 in 2015… that’s more than double the population of Edinburgh and gives it a population density of around 11,847 residents per square mile.
Niamey is based on the wide Niger river and is known for the growing of Pearl Millet, an important food staple in the Sahel. Niger was a French colony until 1960 and the official language of Niamey is still French. Nowadays, Niger is known for having the world’s highest birth rate, at 7 births per woman in 2017.
Residents of Niamey are known as Nigeriens (not to be confused with Nigerians from Nigeria ). Nigeriens living in Niamey enjoy a hot semi-arid climate with a rainy season from May to September, a dry season from October to April and an average annual temperature of 29°C, making it one of the hottest major cities on Earth!
Despite the fact that the country has some of the world’s largest uranium deposits, Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, a landlocked Sub-Saharan nation, whose economy centres on subsistence crops and livestock. Niger suffered austere military rule for much of its post-independence history and slavery was only abolished in Niger in 2003, both of which have lead to a poor economy.
The lack of food in Niger causes malnutrition and weakness, which often leads to infection and illness. One in four children dies before reaching age five. In 2015, ongoing floods, droughts, and temperature spikes attributed to climate change caused a severe food crisis compounded by water shortages.
Our path continues West, crossing the border into Nigeria and reaching the Kurmi market in Kano, Nigeria after a 924km leg.